Mortellaro disease in cattle

Mortellaro disease affects the hooves  of cattle . The disease is infectious in nature, and the bacteria spread rapidly and can affect most cows in places where they are kept.

What is Mortellaro

In veterinary medicine, the definition of “ bovine interdigital dermatitis ” is common. Harmful bacteria Spirochaetes – Treponema spp. They affect the limbs in the area of ​​the hooves, causing the papillary layer of skin to grow. The pathology is characterized by painful ulcerative lesions in the space between the toes or in the heel of the hooves. These places can also be distinguished by overgrown fur.

Causes and symptoms of Mortellaro disease in cows

The bacteria are thought to primarily affect the extremities of hoof injuries. The harmful microorganisms themselves actively multiply in rooms where sanitary and hygienic standards are not observed.

An alarming symptom for a veterinarian should be an animal's lameness, due to which IT cannot properly place a limb on the ground. The disease is diagnosed based on an external examination and palpation of the hooves. The affected tissue differs significantly from the surrounding healthy skin due to raised red and yellow spots. The painful area may resemble a wart, and if the lesion is significant, it may bleed.

Painful sensations lead to depression of individuals, they refuse food, and their productivity decreases. However, Mortellaro does not have any effect on the quality of Milk in cows.

Prevention

To prevent the development of harmful microflora, hygiene in places of detention should be observed. Hoof treatment should be carried out regularly and correctly, without injuring the tissues and thoroughly cleaning them. Hoof baths should also be regular.

Treatment of interdigital dermatitis in cattle

Surgical intervention

The first step is to remove the affected tissue using a hoof trimmer. The upper necrotic layer is removed so that a clean wound surface remains.

Antiseptic treatment

We recommend treating the wound with preparations from NITA-FARM, which have proven effectiveness in practice. It is most convenient to use “Septo-spray” - for treatment you just need to spray the medicine. It is based on iodopovidone, which does not cause burns and has a prolonged effect, making it possible to clean the wound of all bacteria. You can also use Septogel bactericidal gel to treat the wound. If the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, this treatment is sufficient.

Antibiotic therapy

In case of significant lesions and spread of infection, it is optimal to use one of the newest antibiotics offered by NITA-FARM:

1. "Nitox 200". The basis of the antibiotic is oxytetracycline, the effect of which begins within 30 minutes after administration. The course of treatment consists of three injections once a day in a volume of 1 ml/10 kg bw.

2. "Nitox Forte". The combination of oxytetracycline and the NSAID flunixin gives a quick and prolonged effect. The drug acts an hour after injection and protects against re-infection for 5-6 days. In most cases, a single intramuscular application at a dose of 1 ml/10 kg body weight is sufficient for the animal to recover.

3. "Ceftonite". The active ingredient, ceftiofur, is safe for the body and destroys harmful microflora. Cow's milk can be used without restrictions. For treatment, it is necessary to make 1 subcutaneous injection in a volume of 1 ml/50 kg for 4–5 days.

For severe cases

To relieve inflammation and fever, we recommend one of the non-steroidal drugs intramuscularly - “Ketoprofen 10%” (1 time for 1-3 days in a volume of 3 ml/100 kg) or “Flunex” (3-5 days, 2 ml/45 kg ). Both provide a powerful analgesic effect and last up to 24 hours.

Recovery

Any infection leads to depletion of the body and metabolic disorders. To restore the Health of individuals, we recommend using the vitamin and mineral complex “Butofan” (10-25 ml/head) and the drug “Nitamin” (2.5 ml/100 kg). They help increase the body's resistance to infections.

 

You can also use Septogel bactericidal gel to treat the wound.