Coronaviruses are a family of viruses found in both humans and animals. Coronaviruses usually cause mild inflammatory processes in the respiratory tract. More serious clinical cases have been caused by SARS- and MERS-coronaviruses. The SARS-CoV-2 virus is genetically similar to the SARS coronavirus.
COVID-19 symptoms are nonspecific and may vary in severity. The disease can progress without signs of illness, but it can also cause severe pneumonia, and in the worst case for people at risk, the disease can be fatal.
In most cases, coronaviruses are transmitted through airborne droplets (coughing, sneezing) and direct contact. Less commonly, the virus can spread through contaminated surfaces. According to currently available information, the SARS-CoV-2 virus persists for up to 3 days at room temperature. In the meantime, the virus can be removed from surfaces using effective cleaning methods and cleaning agents.
Heat treatment, UV radiation, and many antimicrobials such as 70% ethanol, 75% 2-propanol, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium hypochlorite are effective in fighting various coronaviruses, killing the virus in at least 1 minute.