Struggle for product quality and safety: experience of Belarusian colleagues

19 November, 2019 г.
In the ten years following the adoption of the Doctrine, domestic production of foodstuffs in most categories has reached the volumes corresponding to the established threshold values of its share in the commodity resources of the domestic market of the respective products. However, the threshold value of 90 per cent for the "milk and dairy products (in terms of milk)" category products has not yet been reached.
 
According to the updated data of Rosstat, at the end of 2018 the self-sufficiency of the Russian Federation in milk and dairy products amounted to 82.4%. According to some analytical centers, the level of self-sufficiency in marketable milk is even lower than 80%. 
 
According to Rosstat, in 2018, imports of dairy products amounted to 6.5 million tons in milk equivalent. The main exporter of dairy products to the Russian market is the Republic of Belarus, which accounts for at least 70% of Russian imports. At the same time, Russia accounts for more than 96% of Belarusian dairy exports.
 
According to Belarusian analysts, the milk market of the Republic of Belarus is steadily growing. According to forecasts, dairy production will amount to about 9 million tons by 2020, of which 5.3 million tons will be exported (including 4.4 million tons to Russia).
 
Obviously, the possibility for Belarusian dairy processing enterprises to supply products to the Russian market is a determining factor in their financial success.
 
Belarus and Russia, as members of the Customs Union and the EEU, have similar requirements for the quality of products supplied to the market, but for fear of losing access to the Russian market, their products are subject to stricter and more rigorous internal controls. As a result, the products of Belarusian manufacturers supplied to the Russian market meet more stringent quality requirements than those set out in the regulations governing similar products in Russia. PionerProudukt / Production - Молочное Оборудование / Milk Devices
 
If Rosselkhoznadzor detects violations, including excess of antibiotic content, it introduces a regime of enhanced laboratory control at the enterprise; if it is detected again, it introduces temporary restrictions on the supply of products manufactured by the enterprise to the Russian Federation.
 
The list of enterprises to which restrictive measures have been applied for the export of products due to violations is published on the Rosselkhoznadzor website www.fsvps.ru . There you can also find information on the removal of time limits from the enterprise.
 
It is important to note that Rosselkhoznadzor inspections reveal violations of antibiotic content not only of such widespread groups as tetracyclines (in the Russian Federation, enterprises usually conduct inspections, for the presence in the production of antibiotics of the most widespread groups - tetracyclines, beta-lactamines, streptomycin and chloramphenicol), but also antibiotics from the group of macrolides, in particular tilozine (was detected at one of the Belarusian enterprises in drinking pasteurized milk). Dairy products intended for baby food are also tested for an expanded range of antibiotics.
 
In this regard, the companies are very thorough in their internal inspections of both inlet raw milk and finished products. Application of modern express tests for detection of antibiotics allows to test large volumes of milk for a wide range of antibiotics in the shortest possible time, and at the same time it saves money for analysis.
 
In order to exclude the situation of "release" of milk and dairy products containing residual traces of antibiotics (with boundary testing results), laboratories of Belarusian farms and dairies increasingly prefer express tests, which allow to determine the traces of antibiotic drugs in a much smaller amount than the MAC provided for by Decision #28.
 
In addition, in addition to checking products for traditional groups of antibiotics, enterprises regularly test for the so-called "veterinary drugs" - antibiotics of the macrolide group (erythromycin, tylozine), Tilmicosine), fluoroquinolones, lyncosamides (lyncomycin, clindamycin), aminoglycosides (neomycin, canamycin, gentamycin, spectinomycin), antihelminthics, as well as thiamphenicol, chaloxicam, colistine, trimethoprim and sulfonamides. The availability of veterinary drugs in milk is checked on a regular basis in accordance with the schedule of administration provided by the farms.
 
In conclusion, I would like to draw the attention of the representatives of the enterprises engaged in milk processing in Russia to the fact that the solution of the state task of achieving self-sufficiency in dairy products implies not only increasing the volume of milk production while reducing the cost of production, but also improving the quality of manufactured products. High quality of milk and dairy products produced in Russia will help to orient the buyer to the Russian product and increase its demand in the domestic market. And the demand, as it is known, gives rise to supply.  
 
Improvement of the quality of the produced products implies, among other things, that the products containing even minimal traces of antibiotics will not be admitted to the market. In our opinion, the organization of more thorough internal checks of products in the laboratories of enterprises will help. The experience of our Belarusian colleagues could serve as a good example. And then food security will be associated not only with ensuring the state sovereignty, but also with the care of people's health, ensuring a high quality of life.
 
As an example of tests with lower thresholds for detecting traces of antibiotics, we can bring express tests of Pioneer Meizheng Bio-Tech, which are used by more than 60% of Belarusian dairy farms and enterprises.
 
 
 

Detection limits
Pioneer Meizheng Bio-Tech

(Rapid tests 4 in 1), µg/kg



TR TR standards TC 33,

MPC according to the decision № 28, µg/kg

β-Lactams

   

Penicillin G 

1-2

4

Cloxacillin

3-6

30

Amoxicillin 

2-3

4

Oxacillin

5-7

30

Nafcillin

7-10

30

Empicillin

2-3

4

Dickloxacillin

3-6

30

Gasicillin

3-5

is not regulated

Getacillin

8-10

is not regulated

Piperacillin

10-12

is not regulated

Penicillin procaine

8-10

is not regulated

Ticarcillin

8-10

is not regulated

Cephalosporins

 

 

Zefkin...

5-7

20

Cephalonium

3-5

20

Ceftiofur

70-90

100

Cefapirin

4-8

10

Cefoperazon

3-5

50

Cefacetrile

15-20

125

Cefazolin

20-30

is not regulated

Cefadroxil

16-18

is not regulated

Cefoxazole

85-90

is not regulated

Cefotaxime

35-40

is not regulated

Cefuroxime

30-35

is not regulated

Tetracycline

7-10

10

Chlorotetracycline

7-10

10

Doxycycline

7-10

10

Oxitetracycline

7-10

10

Streptomycin

50

200

Dihydrostreptomycin

50

200

Chloramphenicol.

0.3

0.3

 

The opinion of the editorial board may not coincide with the opinion of the author

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